books on the Middle Ages are legion. The medievalEuropean History of Dr. Claude Jenkins (Benn) is a useful short summary of fact. A wider view and a summary of great interest will be found in Prof. H. W. C. Davis's medievalEurope (Home University Library, Thornton Butter-worth Limited), and there are other excellent surveys of medievallife and history in Dr. Charles Seignobos's History of medievalCivilisation (Benn) and Dr. G. C. Coulton's The Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press). All Dr. Coulton's books are excellent and will repay study. Larger textbooks and histories are numerous; the best and most voluminous of all is the still unfinished Cambridge medievalHistory, of which seven volumes have been published a monumental achievement of scholarship. In it will be found a very full bibliography of the multitudinous special studies which exist in all languages and in which the reader will find all the information he wants. The eleventh edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica is most useful for the national histories, for biography, and for the non-European history. The individual nations can best be studied in the works of their own historians ancient and modern, of which full lists will be found in the Cambridge volumes. For maps, the handiest book is the Smaller Historical Atlas, published by Philips.