A. FOLIAGE PLANTS.
_Crimson._--(A)Coleus Verschaffeltii, 24 (9-12). (A)Achyranthes Lindeni, 18 (8-12). (A)Achyranthes Gilsoni, 12 (8-12). (A)Achyranthes Verschaffeltii, 12 (8-12). (A)Acalypha tricolor, 12-18 (12).
_Yellow._--(A)Coleus, Golden Bedder, 24 (9-12). (A)Achyranthes, aurea reticulata, 12 (8-12). Golden feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenifolium aureum), (6-8). Bronze geranium, 12 (9).
_Silvery white._--Dusty miller (Centaurea gymnocarpa), 12 (8-12). (A)Santolina Chamcyparissus incana, 6-12 (6-8). Geranium, Mountain of Snow, 12 (6-9).
_Variegated_ (white and green).--(A)Stevia serrata var., 12-18 (8-12). Phalaris arundinaeca var., (grass), 24 (4-8). Cyperus alternifolius var., 24-30 (8-12).
_Bronze._--(A)Acalypha marginata, 24 (12).
B. FLOWERING PLANTS.
_Scarlet._--Salvia splendens, 36 (12-18). Geraniums, 24 (12). Cuphea tricolor (C. Llavae), 18 (8-12). Dwarf nasturtium (Tropaeolum), 12-18 (12-18). Begonia, Vernon, 12 (6-8). Verbenas, 12 (6-12). Phlox Drummondii, Dwarf, 6 (4-6).
_White._--Salvia splendens, White-flowered, 36 (12-18). Geraniums, 18-24 (12). Lantana, Innocence, 18-24 (8-12). Lantana, Queen Victoria, 24 (8-12). Verbena, Snow Queen, 12 (6-12). Ageratum, White, 9 (6-9). Phlox Drummondii, Dwarf, 6 (4-6).
_Pink._--Petunia, Countess of Ellesmere, 18 (8-12). Lantana, 24 (8-12). Verbena, Beauty of Oxford, 6 (8-12). Phlox Drummondii, Dwarf, 6 (4-6).
_Yellow._--Dwarf nasturtium, 12 (12-18). Anthemis coronaria fl. pl., 12 (6-8).
_Blue._--Ageratum Mexicanum, 12 (6-8). Verbenas, 6 (6-12). Heliotrope, Queen of Violets, 18 (12-18).
In Fig. 240 are shown a few designs suitable for carpet-beds. They are intended merely to be suggestive, not to be copied precisely. The simple forms and component parts of the more elaborate beds may be arranged into other designs. Likewise the arrangement of plants, which will be mentioned as suitable for making a given pattern, is only one of many possible combinations. The idea is merely to bring out the design distinctly. To accomplish this it is only necessary to use plants of contrasting color or growth. To illustrate how varied are the arrangements that may be used, and how easily different effects are produced with a single design, several different combinations of color for the bed No. 1 will be mentioned:
No. 1.--Arrangement A: Outside, Alternanthera amoena spectabilis; inside, Stevia serrata variegata. B: lobelia, Crystal Palace; Mme. Salleroi geranium. C: lobelia, Crystal Palace; scarlet dwarf phlox. D: sweet alyssum; petunia, Countess of Ellesmere. E: coleus, Golden Bedder; Coleus Verschaffeltii. F: Achyranthes Lindeni; yellow dwarf nasturtium.
No. 2.--Outside, red alternanthera; middle, dusty miller; center, pink geranium.
No. 3.--Outside, Alternanthera aurea nana; middle, Alternanthera amoena spectabilis; center, Anthemis coronaria.
No. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12 may each be filled with a single color, or given a border of suitable plants if the planter so chooses.
No. 9.--Ground, Alternanthera aurea nana; center, Acalypha tricolor; black dots, scarlet geranium.
No. 10.--Ground of Centaurea gymnocarpa; circle, Achyranthes Lindeni; cross, Golden coleus.
No. 11.--Border, Oxalis tropoloides; center, blue heliotrope, blue ageratum, or Acalypha marginata; cross about the center, Thymus argenteus, or centaurea; scallop outside the cross, blue lobelia; corners, inside border, santolina.
Designs 13 and 14 are, in character, somewhat in the style of a parterre; but instead of the intervening spaces in the bed being ordinary walks they are of grass. Such beds are of a useful type, because they may be made large and yet be executed with a comparatively small number of plants. They are especially suitable for the center of an open plot of lawn with definite formal boundaries on all sides, such as walks or drives. Whether they are to be composed of tall-growing or of low-growing plants will depend upon the distance they are to be from the observer. For a moderate-sized plot the following plants might be used:--
No. 13.--Border, red alternanthera; second row, dwarf orange or yellow nasturtium; third row, Achyranthes Gilsoni, or Acalypha tricolor; central square, scarlet geraniums, with a border of Centaurea gymnocarpa; intervening spaces, grass. Instead of the square of geraniums, a vase might be substituted, or a clump of Salvia splendens.
No. 14.--Composite beds like this and the former are always suggestive. They contain various features which may readily be recombined into other patterns. Sometimes it may be convenient to use only portions of the design. The reader should feel that no arrangement is arbitrary, but merely a suggestion that he may use with the utmost freedom, only keeping harmony in view. For No. 14, the following may be an acceptable planting arrangement: Border, Mme. Salleroi geranium; small dots, dwarf scarlet tropeolum; diamonds, blue lobelia; crescents, Stevia serrata variegata; inner border, crimson achyranthes or coleus; loops, Centaurea gymnocarpa; wedge-shaped portions, scarlet geranium.
No. 15.--Suitable for a corner. Border, red alternanthera; second row, Alternanthera aurea nana; third row, red alternanthera; center, Echeveria Californica.
[Illustration: Fig. 241. Carpet-bed for a bay or recession in the border planting.]
No. 16--Border, crimson alternanthera (another border of yellow alternanthera might be placed inside of this); ground, Echeveria secunda glauca; inner border, Oxalis tropoloides; center, Alternanthera aurea nana. Or, inner border, Echeveria Californica; center, crimson alternanthera.
No. 17.--Another bed intended to fill an angle. Its curved side will also fit it for use with a circular design. Border, dwarf blue ageratum; circle, blue lobelia; ground (3 parts), crimson alternanthera.
Other carpet or mosaic beds (after Long), with the plants indicated, are shown in Figs. 241, 242.